Modern man is subject to physical inactivity, exposure to a polluted atmosphere, and the use of dozens of harmful food additives does not add to health. Therefore, his immune system weakens and he becomes more prone to the infections that are waiting for him every time. More than 20% of the world's population is infected with dermatomycosis, or fungal infection. The legs were particularly affected. Medicine successfully treats such a disease, but due to certain circumstances, many prefer to treat it on its own. Consider how and how to treat foot fungus at home.
Varieties of fungal infection of the feet
The appearance of fungus on the feet is an infection of the epidermis (outer layer of the skin) with the possible spread of microscopic fungi on the interdigital zone of the feet and nail plates. Defeat can be caused by:
- Yeast fungi;
Generally, this disease is called dermatomycosis.
The visible signs of a fungus depend on which strain causes it. Types of mycoses:
- Onychomycosis - This disease affects the nail plates and it takes place in different ways. In the first case, the toenails change color, fall apart and thicken. With atrophy, the nail plate is completely destroyed and the skin beneath it is tightened.
- With scaly mycosis, the skin becomes red and starts to itch, peeling occurs, the condition turns into a painful itch.
- The dyshidrosis form of the fungus is characterized by the formation of water bubbles 5 mm in diameter that gradually merge with each other to form ulcers.
- Intertrigue mycosis is the most common type of fungus that occurs in the form of skin cracks between the toes, often closer to the little toe. It is characterized by severe itching.
What are the causes of mycoses on the feet?
- Many healthy people try to stay in shape. They visit fitness clubs, beaches, swimming pools and saunas where fungal organisms multiply rapidly in warm environments. Fungal infections usually occur in these public places.
- When a family uses household shoes, towels, bath and shower rugs, as well as hygiene items. One carrier of the fungus can infect an entire family.
- Weakened immunity promotes the spread of foot mycoses in the elderly. According to statistics, men are more likely to be infected with the fungus.
- Indiscriminate use of medications (glucocorticosteroids, immunosuppressants, antibacterials, cytostatic drugs) is also a risk factor for developing fungal infections of the feet.
- Fungal infection of the foot is possible due to occupational factors. The infection mainly affects miners, people involved in the metallurgical industry, the military, as well as service personnel of baths, saunas and sports complexes.
- Human lifestyle and the presence of chronic diseases such as diabetes, vascular and somatic diseases, endocrine disorders (especially sweating), osteoarthritis, excess weight.
- Slices and microcracks on the skin, corns and bells on the feet, hallux valgus.
- Unfavorable ecological condition.
The fungus on the feet usually develops in several periods:
- The incubation phase depends on the state of the human immune system. The stronger it is, the later the signs of foot mycosis appear.
- The period after the incubation period is characterized by reddening of the skin, itching and microcracks. Swelling of the legs is sometimes observed. At this stage the development of the infection can be stopped by simple, even folk remedies.
- In the third stage, the disease becomes a more dangerous form: the skin crumbles, large lesions form, the skin gradually begins to peel. The cracks deepen, causing material pain. The nail plates are deformed. Starting from this period, treatment will be difficult and protracted.
- The chronic form of mycosis is frequent with relapses and can last for several years. If the fungus started at such a level, you should immediately consult a doctor to avoid irreparable consequences of the disease.
How to cure foot fungus at home
Only after making a qualified diagnosis (scratches, examination of strains, microscopy), a specialist can prescribe effective means to combat fungi on the feet. In addition to antifungal drug therapy, folk remedies can also be used.
There are plenty of ways to get rid of foot fungus at home. Their advantage is the affordable price and minimal contraindications. But even harmless folk remedies should be used in conjunction with essential medications after consulting a doctor.
The most effective antifungals
There are many doses of the fungus, in the form of tablets, suppositories, creams, ointments and suspensions, sprays and lotions with fungicidal properties that inhibit the growth of bacteria. These funds can quickly remove the fungus from the affected skin if the disease is at an early stage.
Usually, the following remedies are used in the complex treatment of mycoses of the feet:
- Tablets for fungus on the feet;
- Antifungal ointment applied to painful spots 2 times a day.
In addition to drug therapy, there is an innovative method of treating fungi - a technical method that quickly eliminates the symptoms of mycosis in painful areas, but does not guarantee that there will be no recurrence.
In addition to basic therapy, used to treat foot fungus with folk remedies. There are many methods to solve such a problem at home: these are all kinds of baths, compresses and masks against fungi, which are based on natural substances.
Among them, the following are the most effective for the treatment of mycoses:
- Potassium permanganate solution. It is recommended to put your feet to sleep in a warm bath before going to bed, then soak them in gas soaked in such a solution and leave it overnight.
- Baths with sea salt content of 1, 5 tbsp. Liters of water.
- Copper sulphate. With it you can deal with the fungus on the feet like this: Fry 1 tsp. K. In a frying pan with this substance until white, then mix the same amount of yellow sulfur and goose fat. Mix the ingredients thoroughly and apply the resulting ointment on the feet in a warm layer. Wash off after 40 minutes.
- Applying vinegar to get rid of fungi is the fastest way to get rid of the problem. Among its types (apples, wine) the most effective is a simple 9% vinegar, which is diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 8, used as a slightly warm bath 4-5 times a day for 2-3 days.
- This will help deal with fungus on the feet and soda gruel. Apply it on the affected areas of the feet and keep for 20 minutes, then wash off. You can also mix baking soda and salt and apply it on your feet in a similar way.
- Compressing the foot with a peroxide solution will help cure the fungus. To do this, first you need to arrange the feet in a bath with warm water. Then prepare 1 liter of water solution 1 tsp. Soda and 2 tbsp. K. Lperoxide, soaked in gauze and wrap your feet in it. Soak for an hour, then rinse.
- Onion recipes will help you solve the problem. Grind 2 large onions on a coarse grater, squeeze the juice from the ground, apply on the feet. Wait until it is absorbed, put on socks and leave overnight, while in the morning wash your feet. Similarly, it acts on garlic mushrooms and juice.
- Use celandine fungus effectively. Its juice (5 drops) is mixed with half a teaspoon of calendula alcohol tincture and 5 drops of oregano juice, as well as a teaspoon of water. The resulting mixture is used to treat the affected areas of the feet, without washing.
Rules of care and hygiene
Using home remedies and foot baths in combination with fungal medications can get rid of it fairly quickly. Also, special care should be taken with the feet to maintain the condition of the skin during this period and also to promote recovery.
Wear disposable gloves on your hands until you have treated the affected areas of the foot and nails with a fungal infection.
Shoes should be treated with special agents (vinegar and mustard powder are also suitable). If possible, it should be replaced with products made from natural materials. After each wear the shoes should be worn on the balcony for ventilation. If it gets wet, be sure to dry it completely, changing the inus more often.
During the fungal disease you should not visit swimming pools, saunas, beaches, do not use other people's shoes, slippers, towels, so that other family members are not infected with the fungus. After recovery it is advisable to remove old socks and replace shoes inside, as well as arrange vinegar. This also applies to rubber mats in the bathroom. This is done to destroy fungal spores that can recur or infect someone else’s feet.
Prevention of relapse and re-infection
To prevent re-infection with fungal infections of the feet and to get rid of it permanently, special attention should be paid to foot hygiene. To do this, you need to remember a few simple rules:
- Wear only your own shoes and clothes;
- Choose shoes made of natural materials;
- Do not allow foot steam to enter the feet;
- Wash your feet regularly, preferably in the morning, before bed and after coming out of the street;
- Check shoes: Dry the inside, periodically treat with special deodorants;
- Maintain immunity.
The feet need regular care and attention. Any discomfort in the legs and their external changes should be a reason to visit a specialist.